housefly is only one of the thousands of species known to man. People
might not know that few types of flies bite as opposed to the idea
of houseflies being harmless. Pests like black flies, deer flies,
stable flies, and horse flies are considered to be a serious nuisance
As biting flies get older, they feed on rotten vegetables and decayed
organisms. Not only that, they need human blood every three to four
days to sustain their nutrition. By these routine, biting flies
have been now feared to be carriers of infectious diseases.
Fly Bites Complications
Biting flies have sharp mouthpart that can penetrate the skin and
eventually cause bleeding. The small open would then be the channel
for flies to suck the blood of their host. Similar to the mosquitoes,
it is the female fly who feed on human blood to nourish their young.
Disease transmitting biting flies or vectors carries with them
harmful pathogens. Diseases like Potomac Horse Fever and Lyme disease.
In some places over the world, biting flies can cause serious damage
to livestock and people.
Malaria is also a possible disease that can be transfused by biting
flies. This disease is caused by certain protozoa which are actively
resistant against human body’s defense systems. This explains
why symptoms may occur repeatedly if not treated properly.
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Fly Bites Treatment
Fly bites treatment is symptomatic, meaning medical care and treatment options are administered based on
severity of symptoms.
Common fly bites pain and swelling, can be treated with ice on the affected
area similar to mosquito or ant bites. Always clean the surrounding fly bites
areas with soap and water to prevent further contamination or possible secondary infection. Avoid
scratching that may tear or break the skin that can lead to infection.
Over-the-counter topical ointments can also be used to reduce itching, inflammation and pain. Look
for fly bite products that contain antihistamine ingredients. For severe itching,
calamine lotion and provide fly bite relief and reduce skin irritation.
Although uncommon, doctors can prescribe an anaphylaxis kit for individuals experiencing
severe allergic reactions. The kit has an epinephrine injector and an antihistamine that
enables the patient to stop an allergic reaction. As with other medical conditions, seek medical advice
if concerned about your fly bites.
Fly Bites Prevention
Insect repellants are the primary means of preventing fly bites.
A broad spectrum insect repellant that contain DEETS, are effective when outdoors.
Other insect repellants that contains R-326 which can protect people from ticks, mosquitoes, and flies.
Permethrin sprays are effective on clothing and tents for protection against fly bites. This chemical
can last up to six weeks and may not be washed away easily by rainwater.
Avoid areas with free standing water where flies breed. Both mosquitoes and flies
dwell on standing water. Dispose of decaying vegetation and garbage and quickly clean up after pet waste.
These are the kinds of environment where flies feed and maggots proliferate and
where female flies lay their eggs.