Ticks are parasites living outdoors in wooded, brush areas. Like other parasites, ticks carry and transmit disease through their bite. Ticks evolved design makes them good examples of disease carrying mites that live in our natural environment.
There are over 850 species of ticks and 30 known
types of major diseases transmitted from tick bites. There are 82 tick species
in United States that transmit nine different diseases. Babesiosis,
Colorado Tick Fever, Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever,
Tick Paralysis, Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever, Lyme Disease and Tularemia are examples of common tick transmitted diseases.
People commonly associate tick bites with Lyme disease, a common
infection in the woody areas of northeast United States. Lyme disease
is caused by Deer Ticks found mainly in the north central United
States. Physicians have already proved that tick bites, not associated with pain and relatively non-irritating, can often produce a number of severe diseases and illnesses.
Tick Bites Symptoms
The first tick bite symptoms are usually redness and swelling around the tick bite site. Tick bite swelling and redness can cause pain. Illness, nausea, fever, muscle weakness, loss of appetite, swollen
lymph nodes, difficulty in walking, and other flu-like symptoms can be associated with tick bites.
The more severe tick bite symptoms are possible signs of a tick-borne disease.
Paralysis can result from tick bites. This serious condition
has flu-like symptoms: weakness, poor coordination, generalized paralysis,
Tick Bites Risk
Tick bite risk is elevated when people live near wooded or brush covered areas within tick zones. The risk of tick bites increases during spring and summer seasons when people are enjoying outdoor activity: hiking, camping. It is good practice to de-cloth and inspect you clothes and body for possible ticks or tick bites. As a precautionary measure, wear long sleeve shirts, pants, socks and closed toe shoes to prevent ticks from climbing under clothing and bitting.
Areas to avoid associated where ticks live when outdoors:
1. Wooded areas with uncleared walking or hiking paths.
2. Woods, brush, and rock fences surround homes.
3. Bird baths and feeders.
4. Tree houses, swing sets.
Bite Rx: 15 Second Tick Bite Relief
Tick Bites Treatment
Proper tick removal:
Use tweezers to grip the tick close to the surface of the skin.
Pull the tick in a steady motion with an even pressure. Avoid jerking
or twisting the tweezers. Be careful not to crush the tick’s
body because it might hold dangerous infectious fluids that may
enter your system. Once the tick has been removed, wash the skin,
surrounding areas, and your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Ticks, after removal, may leave parts of its mouth in your skin.
It is advisable not to remove them for removal may cause serious
damage to the tissue. These parts will be discharged on their own.
Doctors may want to know details of the tick like its size, color,
if it did sucked blood, if it was attached to the skin and for how
long. Physicians need to compare the details of the tick along with
the symptoms of the bitten individual to assess the necessary actions
to be taken. This is essential especially when the tick is known
to be a carrier of a dangerous disease.
Tick Bites Prevention
In areas where ticks are most likely to be existing, people should
be wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and closed-toe shoes
to avoid tick bites. Since ticks dwell on bushy vegetation, it is
recommended to walk on clear pathways.
Tick repellant sprays are also effective barriers against ticks
sticking to clothes. Ticks avoid diethyltoluamide (DEET), which
is a component of repellants, but not strong enough to kill ticks.
Permethrin is an active ingredient in aerosol sprays that
can kill ticks when applied to clothing. Permethrin is a highly effect prevention.